On December 4, 1985, the order № 105 (“Leonid • Brezhnev” USS) launched after a few minutes, the order № 106 (“Riga” aircraft carrier) sent the first steam power plant in the end part of the slipway, and impressive ceremony.
Liaoning blood Preludes III: open deck over boiler too man combined with
original title: sixth aircraft carrier built in the Black Sea shipyard
in January 1984, the second ships of the Soviet Navy were issued for the construction of type 1143.5 (factory number № 106) order. Black Sea shipyard was ordered in a timely manner and to obtain large equipment, including the Kirov Factory’s gear-driven turbines. Meanwhile, Black Sea shipyard also produced 8-КВГ-4-boiler, which makes boilers, turbines and other heavy equipment on a platform in the front of the boat being built piecewise smooth on the bottom of the installation. № 105 orders that at that time (“Tbilisi”) and № 106th orders (“Riga”) problem was caused by the introduction of nuclear power experts ‘ discussion, but was thought to be a reasonable choice. First of all, the ship’s design is not easy to achieve these objectives and, secondly, Black Sea shipyard is not ready to address organizational management, brought about by a series of complex political issues and economic issues.
Back for some time, we can clearly recall: Black Sea shipyard shipbuilding experts dressed formally in March 1981, № 105th orders, but the technical design of the order was approved in May 1982. Hull the first part of the fifth heavy aircraft Cruisers in September 1982, formally began construction on the slipway, but the factory was only officially slipway starts on February 23, 1983. № 104th orders (“Baku” aircraft carrier) between water and № 105th orders started there has been a whole year of limbo. As 1983-1984 smooth procurement of large power equipmentAnd in order to install these devices to the hull of the carrier, must be turned over more than 100 Union place, sometimes must be 7~10 deck, thus causing a great deal of waste.
№ 105th orders the ship into the water after the end of 1985, there have been significant changes, the Black Sea shipyard shows the capacity for rapid success to build a modern midsize carrier. Fifth aircraft carrier hull finished much better than aircraft carriers before quickly, almost 1 time hull efficiency at work. When the ship was still on the ship, and began to install the cables. Therefore, the most complex launched the fifth aircraft carrier is not working there is no problem, and water on a platform in the front of the boat all ready on the eve № 106 orders weighing up to 1500 tons of parts installed in the ship table. At this time, № 105th gear turbine orders don’t have host and master boilers have been installed in the bottom of the order № 106 on the segment. Can be expected to be, sixth aircraft carrier berth cycle compared with previous carrier will be more short-lived.
Order № 106 construction work being carried out, on the slipway is equipped with 4-КВГ-4 the paragraph at the bottom of the boiler (Spring 1986). (File photo) the
hull components were moved to the slipway, which weighs 1000~1500 tons. (File photo)
on December 4, 1985, after a fifth aircraft carrier launch, certificate ceremony was held for 106 orders, the aircraft carrier was originally named as “Riga”. “Riga” aircraft carrier launched on November 25, 1988, and readinessReach 18% 1143.7 “Ulyanovsk” nuclear-powered aircraft carrier also began to build on this day.
Fifth and sixth aircraft carrier launched an aircraft carrier have used traditional sloping slipway launch method, while no one in the world of naval ships shipyard in an inclined slipway construction on this scale. Weighing up to 30000 tons of ships launched from the slipway to tilt appears for the last time in the first half of 20th century United Kingdom. At that time, “Queen Mary” and “Queen Elizabeth” passenger ship launched was actually an accident —— bottom panels damaged. In view of this, United States intelligence agencies and even called the slipway of the factory dock is not difficult to understand.
Here we are not saying that Americans ‘ concept of the mind is not sloping slipway, we would like to note is Russia shipbuilding berth equipment experts with very large cranes, and built on a sloping slipway worthy of an aircraft carrier. When launched from the slipway to tilt an aircraft carrier, and tremendous water weight will cause a lot of problems and therefore need to ensure that local strength of ship’s bottom and the limit allows the grease pressure. For this reason, two aircraft carriers are along four slides into the water. While Soviet technicians also designed a unique hinged stem-free mechanism, can make the ship’s welded backbone curve along the pillars supporting beams beneath oak welted roll. Extruded liner is used in scroll component. In order to reduce the load mooring, technicians have been designed using “neutral” dedicated Rails. So finally when launched, two aircraft carriers to go very smoothly, no special status.
Hull components were moved to the slipway, which weighs 1000~1500 tons. (File photo)
hull was transported to the slipway of a component, the components weight 1000~1500 tons. (File photo)
near the end of construction work, the “varyag” carrier 14500 industrial product is successfully installed, and it plans to install 15000 industrial products. Soldier aircraft carrier flight and has begun installing furniture in the living quarters, and finally take in mooring just completed the installation of electrical equipment, systems and weaponry, as well as for debugging purposes.
All work stopped, “varyag” USS General technical preparedness have reached 67.77%. In General, their technical preparedness month to raise 1.5%, and as long as the technology readiness level should reach 75% mooring test can begin. “Varyag” aircraft carrier construction of very high intensity, it began to build within less than three years can be launched, while the ship’s turbines and boilers were installed as early as the stage when the ship into the hull parts. During 1989 and 1990, Black Sea shipyard opened full throttle into production and construction —— shipbuilding history of the Soviet Union, it also completed the construction of two aircraft carriers for the first time, namely the order № № 106 and 105. Meanwhile, a new slipway (1143.7) has begun construction of a third ship on —— nuclear aircraft carrier (order № 107). Black Sea shipyard in the workshop have been required to begin full production of this aircraft carrier’s nuclear steam generator.
Carriers have very high levels of military and economic effects. According to Soviet calculations, a future of heavy aircraft cruisers equivalent 15~19 1144.2 type nuclear-powered missile cruiser, with the level of development of traditional vessels compared to the funds invested by, as the core of the fleet aircraft carriers, built its capital inputs near 15~20 times the former.
“Varyag” all work has stopped on the aircraft carrier, the uncompleted ship’s Outlook is grim (March 14, 1997). (File photo)
is the collapse of the Soviet Union “varyag” USS destiny-changing determinants, followed the Government’s doing stage. Until the beginning of 1992, the Black Sea shipyard Director ю. и. Makarov password only in the form of letters to the uncompleted aircraft carrier described the fate of Moscow. Makarov also hope that by way of telephone communication between the Government, but whether Russia President, general staff, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy Department, nor any government officials and military personnel failed to provide clear answers to him. On January 20, 1992, ю · и · forced to order the suspension of construction work of the order № 106 Makarov.
Roughly one year later, that is, “concluded agreement the two sides” are positive show that at the time of allocation and will never compromise on the issue of the Black Sea fleet, Russia showed that “varyag” carrier’s intention to build.
In Russia, most of us are not willing to see the “varyag” aircraft carrier toward the path of destruction, they all want to do their bit to save the large ship. Mass media first reported almost daily on “varyag” USS tragic status information. For example, the famous television reporter fulajisilafu · Listyev himself died within a couple of days before its rush hour TV show dedicated to “varyag” carrier subjects. Journalist Alexei · Denis and Boris · Kostenko’s episode of Russia in the world “varyag” theme has produced a very good television shows. The sailors of the Pacific fleet was also active in, and tries to Russia save the uncompleted aircraft carrier. Never before the disintegration of the Soviet Union in the Black Sea shipyard for repairs “Minsk” aircraft carrier, and its crew were formed into the “varyag” USS Queen’s crew team, and Captain Vladimir · d.k.Wysocki has been appointed as “varyag” carrier’s first captain. While the new carrier’s stamp has also been completed, while the crew is ready to transfer to Nikolaev City, settled in newly-built aircraft carrier. However, the “Minsk” and “Silla Sith g” aircraft carrier’s future after the problem was solved, “varyag” USS establishment was soon cancelled, sailors are assigned to the disbanded other warships.
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